OrthodonticsOrthodontists are not only concerned with only braces but also it is concerned with the position of the teeth, what has caused them to arrive at their current position, and what future movement may be needed so that a patient’s bite is fully functional. Your cosmetic dentist may have some orthodontic options available to straighten your teeth, ranging from conventional braces (with wires and brackets) to invisible braces (clear orthodontic aligners). Each method ranges in price and treatment length, and will vary by patient.
Fixed bracesFixed braces can’t be removed. They are made of small brackets that are glued to teeth and joined together with a wire. Fixed braces can be used on upper and lower teeth. Today’s braces are smaller, lighter and show less metal. They come in bright colors for kids and u can always choose all ceramic braces so that they would blend in with your natural teeth color. Once the treatment finished, brackets and glue are cleaned off the teeth.
RetainersRetainers are braces that don’t actively move teeth. Instead, they make sure that teeth stay in their correct positions after other orthodontic treatment has finished. They can be removable or fixed. Without a retainer, teeth tend to move back towards their original positions. A retainer is usually worn for at least six months, but most orthodontists advocate keeping it permanently.
Plastic AlignersA relatively new type of orthodontic treatment allows teeth to be straightened using removable, see-through, plastic aligners (e.g. Invisalign). This treatment is only suitable for certain people.
Clear Orthodontics AlignersClear orthodontic aligners can straighten a dental patient’s teeth without the wires and brackets of traditional braces. The aligners consist of a sequence of clear, removable trays that fit over the teeth to straighten them. Each tray must be worn by the patient for a specified amount of time—usually around 20 hours a day for two weeks–before the patient can progress to the next tray. In most situations, the aligners can straighten teeth in anywhere from six to 18 months. Clear orthodontic aligners are suitable for patients with mild or moderate crowding, or minor spacing issues. They may not be appropriate for patients with severe crowding or spacing. While the aligners can correct a mild malocclusion, patients with severe underbites, overbites or crossbites may require more advanced orthodontic treatment.
Unlike traditional braces, the trays can be removed for brushing, flossing, and eating. Because the trays are clear, patients can undergo this type of orthodontic treatment without the usual discomfort associated with regular braces.